Pruning the bonsai tree effectively
Bonsai trees are decorative trees that you can have at the entrance of your home and the yard. However, the tree needs to be pruned regularly so that it maintains its shape and the style that you desire. There are two types of pruning. One is the style pruning that enhances the aesthetics of the plant and the other is maintenance pruning, which maintains the shape of the tree. Maintenance pruning also ensures that the tree does not overgrow.
The growth of the tree is concentrated near the tips of the tree so that it grows higher and helps the tree compete effectively for sunlight especially in the forest setting. This is called the apical dominance. This often leads to disappropraite growth on the lower branches. Regular pruning takes care of this problem
Best time for pruning
It is good to avoid pruning your Bonsai during the hot afternoon sun and rather do it in the mornings and the evenings. This is because the tree loses lots of water in the process and the sun scorches the cut edges giving them a burnt appearance. The tree may also look wilted.
The growth season for the Bonsai trees is usually between March and September. This is the best time to prune your Bonsai trees. However, the Ficus Bonsai variety has a different timing than Juniper Bonsai.
Consider the canopy size
The canopy size is the size of the outgrowth shoots and branches. You can use a normal cutter or the twig shears. In small plants, you can remove leaves by pinching them out of the tree at the bud.Ensure that the top areas are pruned to force even growth. Pruning also assists in the development of dense foliage below the tip.
How to prune right
Remove one branch if your find two branches at the same height of the tree. Moreover, every vertical growing branch that is too thick to be bend should also be removed. The same should be done on branches that conceal the front parts of the trunk as well as branches that come with unnatural turns and twists.
To prevent creating ugly scars on pruning thick branches, consider using a concave cutter. Its indentation it makes reduces the effect of the branch removal significantly on the tree. You can also use wound paste to conceal wounds created on the trunk by removal of the large branches. It also protects the wounds against several tree infections.