TREE CUTTING STEPS
Tree Cutting .You may need to fell trees if they are dead, infected, congested or planted in the wrong place. Cutting the tree yourself can save money, however, can likewise be dangerous. Proper planning is vital to guarantee a safe felling. Before making a cut, check rules and regulations in your area, as you may require permits and approvals. Here is a list of steps to be followed when cutting down a tree.
Planning and preparations
To make felling safe and efficient as possible, it is important to plan in advance and always think one step ahead. Never work alone in the forest, always make sure you have someone with you. A mobile phone is also a good idea, as it lets you quickly call for assistance if you need any.
Figure out where the tree will fall
After necessary preparations, you should decide what direction you want it to fall. You should consider where the tree is leaning and if the branches hang mostly in one direction. The best and easiest choice is to fell the tree in the direction it would naturally fall. Felling in a different direction requires more effort, special technique and is sometimes just impossible. Try to choose a leveled spot, or the tree could bounce or and cause damage or injuries.
Limb in the lower trunk
Remove any low branches that could get in the way. But never cut above shoulder height and do not stand directly behind the saw. Use the trunk as a barrier between you and the saw.
Clear your work area and escape route
Clear the ground around the tree and few meters behind it and establish an escape route away from the base of the tree for when the tree begins to fall. Staying at the base of the tree as increases the likelihood of an accident because the root end may spring up.
Make a directional notch and hinge plan
The directional notch determines the direction of fall and the hinge is an important factor in ensuring a clean and safe felling while guiding the tree to the ground. The notch consists of two cuts that converge at an angle usually 70 degrees to where you want the tree to fall. The directional notch depends on the tree condition and terrain. Avoid cutting the directional notch too deep. It should be no more than 15-20 % of the breast height diameter. The hinge is located behind the apex of the notch and in front of the later back cut.
Make a back cut
This is the step that releases the tree to the ground. Begin on the opposite side of the notch at the same level as the notched corner and cut flat along a horizontal plane. Remember that if the tree is too thin, there may not be enough wood for a notch or a hinge. In that case, it will be necessary to use the straight forward back cut.